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PLoS One. 2018 Feb 15;13(2):e0192943. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0192943. eCollection 2018.

Adverse obstetric outcomes during delivery hospitalizations complicated by suicidal behavior among US pregnant women.

Author information

1
Department of Epidemiology, Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America.
2
Department of Psychiatry, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America.
3
Psychiatric and Neurodevelopmental Genetics Unit, Center for Human Genetic Research, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America.
4
Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America.
5
Department of Biomedical Informatics, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America.
6
Children's Hospital Informatics Program, Boston Children's Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America.
7
Department of Biostatistics, Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

The effects of suicidal behavior on obstetric outcomes remain dangerously unquantified. We sought to report on the risk of adverse obstetric outcomes for US women with suicidal behavior at the time of delivery.

METHODS:

We performed a cross-sectional analysis of delivery hospitalizations from 2007-2012 National (Nationwide) Inpatient Sample. From the same hospitalization record, International Classification of Diseases codes were used to identify suicidal behavior and adverse obstetric outcomes. Adjusted odds ratios (aOR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) were obtained using logistic regression.

RESULTS:

Of the 23,507,597 delivery hospitalizations, 2,180 were complicated by suicidal behavior. Women with suicidal behavior were at a heightened risk for outcomes including antepartum hemorrhage (aOR = 2.34; 95% CI: 1.47-3.74), placental abruption (aOR = 2.07; 95% CI: 1.17-3.66), postpartum hemorrhage (aOR = 2.33; 95% CI: 1.61-3.37), premature delivery (aOR = 3.08; 95% CI: 2.43-3.90), stillbirth (aOR = 10.73; 95% CI: 7.41-15.56), poor fetal growth (aOR = 1.70; 95% CI: 1.10-2.62), and fetal anomalies (aOR = 3.72; 95% CI: 2.57-5.40). No significant association was observed for maternal suicidal behavior with cesarean delivery, induction of labor, premature rupture of membranes, excessive fetal growth, and fetal distress. The mean length of stay was longer for women with suicidal behavior.

CONCLUSION:

During delivery hospitalization, women with suicidal behavior are at increased risk for many adverse obstetric outcomes, highlighting the importance of screening for and providing appropriate clinical care for women with suicidal behavior during pregnancy.

PMID:
29447245
PMCID:
PMC5814027
DOI:
10.1371/journal.pone.0192943
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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