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PLoS Genet. 2018 Feb 15;14(2):e1007194. doi: 10.1371/journal.pgen.1007194. eCollection 2018 Feb.

Paternal lineage early onset hereditary ovarian cancers: A Familial Ovarian Cancer Registry study.

Author information

1
Departments of Biostatistics and Bioinformatics, Roswell Park Cancer Institute, Buffalo NY, United States of America.
2
Gynecologic Oncology, Roswell Park Cancer Institute, Buffalo NY, United States of America.
3
Cancer Prevention and Control, Roswell Park Cancer Institute, Buffalo NY, United States of America.
4
Cancer Genetics and Genomics, Roswell Park Cancer Institute, Buffalo NY, United States of America.
5
Center for Immunotherapy, Roswell Park Cancer Institute, Buffalo NY, United States of America.

Abstract

Given prior evidence that an affected woman conveys a higher risk of ovarian cancer to her sister than to her mother, we hypothesized that there exists an X-linked variant evidenced by transmission to a woman from her paternal grandmother via her father. We ascertained 3,499 grandmother/granddaughter pairs from the Familial Ovarian Cancer Registry at the Roswell Park Cancer Institute observing 892 informative pairs with 157 affected granddaughters. We performed germline X-chromosome exome sequencing on 186 women with ovarian cancer from the registry. The rate of cancers was 28.4% in paternal grandmother/granddaughter pairs and 13.9% in maternal pairs consistent with an X-linked dominant model (Chi-square test X2 = 0.02, p = 0.89) and inconsistent with an autosomal dominant model (X2 = 20.4, p<0.001). Paternal grandmother cases had an earlier age-of-onset versus maternal cases (hazard ratio HR = 1.59, 95%CI: 1.12-2.25) independent of BRCA1/2 status. Reinforcing the X-linked hypothesis, we observed an association between prostate cancer in men and ovarian cancer in his mother and daughters (odds ratio, OR = 2.34, p = 0.034). Unaffected mothers with affected daughters produced significantly more daughters than sons (ratio = 1.96, p<0.005). We performed exome sequencing in reported BRCA negative cases from the registry. Considering age-of-onset, one missense variant (rs176026 in MAGEC3) reached chromosome-wide significance (Hazard ratio HR = 2.85, 95%CI: 1.75-4.65) advancing the age of onset by 6.7 years. In addition to the well-known contribution of BRCA, we demonstrate that a genetic locus on the X-chromosome contributes to ovarian cancer risk. An X-linked pattern of inheritance has implications for genetic risk stratification. Women with an affected paternal grandmother and sisters of affected women are at increased risk for ovarian cancer. Further work is required to validate this variant and to characterize carrier families.

PMID:
29447163
PMCID:
PMC5813894
DOI:
10.1371/journal.pgen.1007194
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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