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Curr Obes Rep. 2018 Mar;7(1):37-49. doi: 10.1007/s13679-018-0299-6.

Mindfulness Approaches and Weight Loss, Weight Maintenance, and Weight Regain.

Author information

1
Department of Agricultural and Human Sciences, North Carolina State University, Campus Box 7606, Raleigh, NC, 27695, USA. carolyn_dunn@ncsu.edu.
2
Community and Clinical Connections for Prevention and Health Branch, North Carolina Division of Public Health, 1915 Mail Service Center, Raleigh, NC, USA.
3
Department of Agricultural and Human Sciences, North Carolina State University, Campus Box 7606, Raleigh, NC, 27695, USA.

Abstract

PURPOSE OF REVIEW:

There is an urgent need for effective weight management techniques, as more than one third of US adults are overweight or obese. Recommendations for weight loss include a combination of reducing caloric intake, increasing physical activity, and behavior modification. Behavior modification includes mindful eating or eating with awareness. The purpose of this review was to summarize the literature and examine the impact of mindful eating on weight management.

RECENT FINDINGS:

The practice of mindful eating has been applied to the reduction of food cravings, portion control, body mass index, and body weight. Past reviews evaluating the relationship between mindfulness and weight management did not focus on change in mindful eating as the primary outcome or mindful eating as a measured variable. This review demonstrates strong support for inclusion of mindful eating as a component of weight management programs and may provide substantial benefit to the treatment of overweight and obesity.

KEYWORDS:

Acceptance-based behavior therapy (ABBT); Awareness; Literature review; Meditation; Mindful eating; Mindfulness; Mindfulness-based stress reduction; Obesity; Overweight; Weight; Weight loss; Weight maintenance; Weight regain

PMID:
29446036
DOI:
10.1007/s13679-018-0299-6
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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