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Cancer Manag Res. 2018 Feb 7;10:239-248. doi: 10.2147/CMAR.S149619. eCollection 2018.

Gastric cancer: epidemiology, prevention, classification, and treatment.

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Department of Surgical Oncology, Medical University of Lublin, Lublin, Poland.
Department of Human Anatomy, Medical University of Lublin, Lublin, Poland.
Department of Pathology, University Medical Centre, Utrecht, The Netherlands.


Gastric cancer is the second most common cause of cancer-related deaths in the world, the epidemiology of which has changed within last decades. A trend of steady decline in gastric cancer incidence rates is the effect of the increased standards of hygiene, conscious nutrition, and Helicobacter pylori eradication, which together constitute primary prevention. Avoidance of gastric cancer remains a priority. However, patients with higher risk should be screened for early detection and chemoprevention. Surgical resection enhanced by standardized lymphadenectomy remains the gold standard in gastric cancer therapy. This review briefly summarizes the most important aspects of gastric cancers, which include epidemiology, risk factors, classification, diagnosis, prevention, and treatment. The paper is mostly addressed to physicians who are interested in updating the state of art concerning gastric carcinoma from easily accessible and credible source.


classification; epidemiology; gastric cancer; risk factors; treatment

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Disclosure The authors report no conflicts of interest in this work.

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