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J Nanosci Nanotechnol. 2018 Jun 1;18(6):4349-4354. doi: 10.1166/jnn.2018.15260.

Preparation of Polyurethane/Graphite Composite Films with Stable Mechanical Property and Wear Resistance Underwater.

Author information

1
Department of Chemistry, Capital Normal University, Beijing 100048, China.
2
School of Chemistry and Environment, Beihang University, Beijing 100191, China.
3
Beijing Center for Physical and Chemical Analysis (BCPCA), Beijing 100089, China.

Abstract

The wear resistance and stable mechanical properties affect the service life of the underwater functional materials to a certain extent. Unfortunately, the current study of underwater functional materials is rarely related to these aspects. Herein, we successfully designed and prepared polyurethane/graphite nanosheet (PU/GN) composite materials, which exhibited excellent wear resistance and stable mechanical properties underwater. The PU/GN composite films were prepared by evaporating a mixed solution of PU and GN on concave hexagonal honeycomb silicon templates. The mechanical properties of the composite films were determined by tensile test, and the wear resistance was evaluated by comparing the surface morphology before and after grind. By adjusting the content of graphite in the composite films, we found that the composite films containing 23 wt% GN had higher tensile strength and superior wear resistance. Moreover, this composite film showed an outstanding stability when expose to water. The impressive results along with simple preparation process made PU/GN composite films had potential applications in robust underwater functional materials.

PMID:
29442786
DOI:
10.1166/jnn.2018.15260

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