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J Nanosci Nanotechnol. 2018 Jun 1;18(6):4093-4099. doi: 10.1166/jnn.2018.15011.

Hexamine Role on Pseudocapacitive Behaviour of Cobalt Oxide (Co₃O₄) Nanopowders.

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Nanomaterials Laboratory, Department of Physics, Alagappa University, Karaikudi 630003, Tamil Nadu, India.
Department of Physics, School of Science and Humanities, Karunya University, Karunya Nagar, Coimbatore 641114, Tamil Nadu, India.


Influence of hexamine surfactant concentration on crystallite size, structure, morphology, vibrational and optical properties of cobalt oxide nanopowders were explored. The cobalt oxide nanopowders were synthesized by employing a simple chemical reduction method using cobalt (II) nitrate hexahydrate (Co(NO3)2 ·6H2O) as precursor and sodium borohydride (NaBH4) as reducing agent along with hexamine as surfactant. XRD studies revealed the formation of face-centered cubic (Fd3m) crystalline structure of Co3O4 with an average crystallite size of 8-18 nm. The observed prominent characteristic Raman active modes of A1g, Eg, and F2g revealed the formation of Co3O4 nanopowders. The optical properties of Co3O4 nanopowders are examined by photoluminescence spectra. The obtained IR results confirmed the formation of Co3O4 nanopowders. The band observed 569 cm-1 is the characteristic of the Co3+ ions in the octahedral hole vibration and the 665 cm-1 band is attributable to the Co2+ ions in the tetrahedral hole vibration in the cubic lattice. The estimated specific capacitance of the obtained Co3O4 nanopowders was 291 F/g at 10 mV/s which could be a potential candidate for pseudo capacitive nature of the active materials.


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