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Curr Neurol Neurosci Rep. 2018 Feb 13;18(2):8. doi: 10.1007/s11910-018-0814-x.

The Use of Cannabis and Cannabinoids in Treating Symptoms of Multiple Sclerosis: a Systematic Review of Reviews.

Author information

1
National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre, University of New South Wales Sydney, Sydney, NSW, 2052, Australia. suzanne.nielsen@unsw.edu.au.
2
National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre, University of New South Wales Sydney, Sydney, NSW, 2052, Australia.
3
Centre for Youth Substance Abuse Research, The University of Queensland, Royal Brisbane and Women's Hospital Brisbane, Brisbane, QLD, 4006, Australia.
4
School of Medical Sciences, The University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW, 2006, Australia.

Abstract

PURPOSE OF REVIEW:

Pharmaceutical cannabinoids such as nabiximols, nabilone and dronabinol, and plant-based cannabinoids have been investigated for their therapeutic potential in treating multiple sclerosis (MS) symptoms. This review of reviews aimed to synthesise findings from high quality systematic reviews that examined the safety and effectiveness of cannabinoids in multiple sclerosis. We examined the outcomes of disability and disability progression, pain, spasticity, bladder function, tremor/ataxia, quality of life and adverse effects.

RECENT FINDINGS:

We identified 11 eligible systematic reviews providing data from 32 studies, including 10 moderate to high quality RCTs. Five reviews concluded that there was sufficient evidence that cannabinoids may be effective for symptoms of pain and/or spasticity in MS. Few reviews reported conclusions for other symptoms. Recent high quality reviews find cannabinoids may have modest effects in MS for pain or spasticity. Future research should include studies with non-cannabinoid comparators; this is an important gap in the evidence.

KEYWORDS:

Cannabinoid; Cannabis; Dronabinol; Multiple sclerosis; Nabiximols; Pain; Spasticity

PMID:
29442178
DOI:
10.1007/s11910-018-0814-x

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