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Psychooncology. 2018 Apr;27(4):1284-1290. doi: 10.1002/pon.4668. Epub 2018 Mar 1.

Relationships between family resilience and posttraumatic growth in breast cancer survivors and caregiver burden.

Liu Y1, Li Y2,3, Chen L2, Li Y4, Qi W2, Yu L2.

Author information

1
Qilu Hospital of Shandong University, Qingdao, P.R. China.
2
School of Nursing, Shandong University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Jinan, P. R. China.
3
School of Nursing, Shandong University, Jinan, P. R. China.
4
School of Public Health, Qingdao University, Qingdao, P. R. China.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To examine the relationships between family resilience and posttraumatic growth (PTG) of breast cancer survivors and caregiver burden among principal caregivers in China.

METHODS:

Participants in this cross-sectional study comprised 108 women aged 26 to 74 years (M = 49, SD = 9) with early-stage breast cancer and 108 principal caregivers. Participants were recruited from a comprehensive cancer center of a public hospital in Shandong Province, China. The principal caregivers completed the Shortened Chinese Version of the Family Resilience Assessment Scale and the Chinese Version of the Zarit Caregiver Burden Interview; patients completed the Short Form of the Posttraumatic Growth Inventory and questions designed to obtain sociodemographic information. Hierarchical regression analysis was conducted to assess the adjusted association between family resilience and PTG and caregiver burden, while controlling for sociodemographics.

RESULTS:

Families showed a slightly elevated level of family resilience since the cancer experience, and patients showed a moderate degree of PTG. Principal caregivers reported moderate burden. The Shortened Chinese Version of the Family Resilience Assessment Scale total score was positively related to the Short Form of the Posttraumatic Growth Inventory total score (β = .28, P < .01) and was negatively related to Zarit Caregiver Burden Interview total score (β = -.28, P < .01).

CONCLUSIONS:

Family resilience impacts PTG of breast cancer survivors and caregiver burden. Our findings indicated the necessity of interventions to facilitate family resilience, promote PTG among breast cancer survivors, and decrease family members' caregiver burden.

KEYWORDS:

breast cancer; burden; caregivers; family dynamics; posttraumatic growth; resilience

PMID:
29441696
DOI:
10.1002/pon.4668

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