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Sci Rep. 2018 Feb 13;8(1):2936. doi: 10.1038/s41598-018-21202-6.

Aldehyde Dehydrogenases Function in the Homeostasis of Pyridine Nucleotides in Arabidopsis thaliana.

Author information

1
Institute of Molecular Physiology and Biotechnology of Plants (IMBIO), University of Bonn, 53115, Bonn, Germany. tagnon1980@gmail.com.
2
Department of Microbiology and Plant Pathology, University of California Riverside, Riverside, CA, 92521, USA. tagnon1980@gmail.com.
3
Department of Biology, Rutgers University, 315 Penn St., Camden, NJ, 08102, USA.
4
Center for Computational and Integrative Biology, Rutgers University, 315 Penn St., Camden, NJ, 08102, USA.
5
Institute of Molecular Physiology and Biotechnology of Plants (IMBIO), University of Bonn, 53115, Bonn, Germany.

Abstract

Aldehyde dehydrogenase enzymes (ALDHs) catalyze the oxidation of aliphatic and aromatic aldehydes to their corresponding carboxylic acids using NAD+ or NADP+ as cofactors and generating NADH or NADPH. Previous studies mainly focused on the ALDH role in detoxifying toxic aldehydes but their effect on the cellular NAD(P)H contents has so far been overlooked. Here, we investigated whether the ALDHs influence the cellular redox homeostasis. We used a double T-DNA insertion mutant that is defective in representative members of Arabidopsis thaliana ALDH families 3 (ALDH3I1) and 7 (ALDH7B4), and we examined the pyridine nucleotide pools, glutathione content, and the photosynthetic capacity of the aldh mutants in comparison with the wild type. The loss of function of ALDH3I1 and ALDH7B4 led to a decrease of NAD(P)H, NAD(P)H/NAD(P) ratio, and an alteration of the glutathione pools. The aldh double mutant had higher glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase activity than the wild type, indicating a high demand for reduced pyridine nucleotides. Moreover, the mutant had a reduced quantum yield of photosystem II and photosynthetic capacity at relatively high light intensities compared to the wild type. Altogether, our data revealed a role of ALDHs as major contributors to the homeostasis of pyridine nucleotides in plants.

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