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Yonsei Med J. 2018 Mar;59(2):331-336. doi: 10.3349/ymj.2018.59.2.331.

Improvement in Ovarian Tissue Quality with Supplementation of Antifreeze Protein during Warming of Vitrified Mouse Ovarian Tissue.

Author information

1
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Seoul National University Bundang Hospital, Seongnam, Korea.
2
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.
3
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea. leejrmd@snu.ac.kr.

Abstract

Ice easily recrystallizes during warming after vitrification, and antifreeze protein (AFP) can inhibit the re-crystallization. However, no study has evaluated the effect of AFP treatment only thereon during warming. This study sought to compare AFP treatment protocols: a conventional protocol with AFP treatment during vitrification and first-step warming and a new protocol with AFP treatment during the first-step warming only. According to the protocols, 10 mg/mL of LeIBP (a type of AFP) was used. Five-week-old B6D2F1 mouse ovaries were randomly divided into a vitrified-warmed control and two experimental groups, one treated with the conventional AFP treatment protocol (LeIBP-all) and the other with the new AFP treatment protocol (LeIBP-w). For evaluation, ratios of ovarian follicle integrity, apoptosis, and DNA double-strand (DDS) damage/repairing were analyzed. The LeIBP-treated groups showed significantly higher intact follicle ratios than the control, and the results were similar between the LeIBP-treated groups. Apoptotic follicle ratios were significantly lower in both LeIBP-treated groups than the control, and the results were not significantly different between the LeIBP-treated groups. With regard to DDS damage/repairing follicle ratio, significantly lower ratios were recorded in both LeIBP-treated groups, compared to the control, and the results were similar between the LeIBP-treated groups. This study demonstrated that both protocols with LeIBP had a beneficial effect on maintaining follicle integrity and preventing follicle apoptosis and DDS damage. Moreover, the new protocol showed similar results to the conventional protocol. This new protocol could optimize the mouse ovary vitrification-warming procedure using AFP, while minimizing the treatment steps.

KEYWORDS:

Antifreeze protein; cryodamage; ovarian tissue cryopreservation; recrystallization; vitrification

PMID:
29436204
PMCID:
PMC5823838
DOI:
10.3349/ymj.2018.59.2.331
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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