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Clin Chest Med. 2018 Mar;39(1):1-16. doi: 10.1016/j.ccm.2017.09.002. Epub 2017 Nov 29.

Flexible Bronchoscopy.

Author information

1
Department of Pulmonary Medicine, Naval Medical Center San Diego, 34800 Bob Wilson Drive, San Diego, CA 92134, USA.
2
Department of Pulmonary Medicine, The University of Texas M.D. Anderson Cancer Center, 1515 Holcomb Boulevard, Houston, TX 77030, USA.
3
Department of Pulmonary Medicine, Michael E. DeBakey VA Medical Center, 2002 Holcombe Boulevard, Houston, TX 77030, USA.
4
Department of Pulmonary Medicine, The University of Texas M.D. Anderson Cancer Center, 1515 Holcomb Boulevard, Houston, TX 77030, USA. Electronic address: geapen@mdanderson.org.

Abstract

Flexible bronchoscopy has changed the course of pulmonary medicine. As technology advances, the role of the flexible bronchoscope for both diagnostic and therapeutic indications is continually expanding. This article reviews the historical development of the flexible bronchoscopy, fundamental uses of the flexible bronchoscope as a tool to examine the central airways and obtain diagnostic tissue, and the indications, complications, and contraindications to flexible bronchoscopy.

KEYWORDS:

Bronchial brush; Bronchoalveolar lavage; Flexible bronchoscopy; Transbronchial lung biopsy; Transbronchial needle aspiration

PMID:
29433707
DOI:
10.1016/j.ccm.2017.09.002

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