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Oxid Med Cell Longev. 2017;2017:2969271. doi: 10.1155/2017/2969271. Epub 2017 Dec 21.

Unfolded Protein Response of the Endoplasmic Reticulum in Tumor Progression and Immunogenicity.

Yoo YS1,2, Han HG1,2, Jeon YJ1,2.

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Department of Biochemistry, Chungnam National University School of Medicine, Daejeon 35015, Republic of Korea.
Department of Medical Science, Chungnam National University School of Medicine, Daejeon 35015, Republic of Korea.


The endoplasmic reticulum (ER) is a pivotal regulator of folding, quality control, trafficking, and targeting of secreted and transmembrane proteins, and accordingly, eukaryotic cells have evolved specialized machinery to ensure that the ER enables these proteins to acquire adequate folding and maturation in the presence of intrinsic and extrinsic insults. This adaptive capacity of the ER to intrinsic and extrinsic perturbations is important for maintaining protein homeostasis, which is termed proteostasis. Failure in adaptation to these perturbations leads to accumulation of misfolded or unassembled proteins in the ER, which is termed ER stress, resulting in the activation of unfolded protein response (UPR) of the ER and the execution of ER-associated degradation (ERAD) to restore homeostasis. Furthermore, both of the two axes play key roles in the control of tumor progression, inflammation, immunity, and aging. Therefore, understanding UPR of the ER and subsequent ERAD will provide new insights into the pathogenesis of many human diseases and contribute to therapeutic intervention in these diseases.

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