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J Can Chiropr Assoc. 2017 Dec;61(3):219-230.

'I didn't pay her to teach me how to fix my back': a focused ethnographic study exploring chiropractors' and chiropractic patients' experiences and beliefs regarding exercise adherence.

Author information

1
Dalhousie University.

Abstract

in English, French

Aim:

To inform future research and exercise prescription for patients with chronic low back pain (CLBP), this study explored chiropractors' and chiropractic patients' experiences and beliefs regarding the barriers and facilitators to prescribed exercise adherence.

Methods:

A focused ethnographic approach was used involving 16 semi-structured interviews, including pilot interviews (n = 4) followed by interviews with chiropractors (n = 6) and chiropractic patients with CLBP (n = 6).

Results:

Barriers and facilitators to prescribed exercise adherence revolved around four themes: diagnostic and treatment beliefs motivating behavior, passive-active treatment balance, the therapeutic alliance and patient-centered care, and exercise delivery.

Conclusion:

Exercise adherence may be facilitated in patients with CLBP with simple exercise prescription changes made by chiropractors. However, changing chiropractors' and patients' diagnostic and treatment beliefs that are barriers to exercise adherence appears challenging. Training chiropractors in pain neuroscience education and the intentional use of behavior change techniques warrants future investigation.

KEYWORDS:

adherence; chiropractic; exercise; low back pain; qualitative

PMID:
29430052
PMCID:
PMC5799845

Conflict of interest statement

The authors have no conflicts of interest to disclose.

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