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Body Image. 2018 Jun;25:14-22. doi: 10.1016/j.bodyim.2018.01.008. Epub 2018 Feb 8.

Development and exploration of the gratitude model of body appreciation in women.

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Department of Psychology, Grove City College, Grove City, PA, USA. Electronic address:
Department of Psychology, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH, USA.


Although researchers and clinicians recognize the importance of positive body image for women's well-being, development of theoretical frameworks for understanding positive body image has not kept pace with research documenting its many benefits. The present study proposed and tested a comprehensive model linking gratitude, contingent self-worth, social comparison, body appreciation, and intuitive eating. Path analysis indicated that this model fit the data for a sample of college and online community women (N = 263). Gratitude was indirectly linked to body appreciation via lower investment in self-worth based on appearance and others' approval, and via lower engagement in eating and body comparison. Gratitude had a strong direct effect on body appreciation, and body appreciation accounted for a large portion (88%) of gratitude's relationship with intuitive eating. These results provide strong preliminary support for the model, revealing that gratitude, which can be improved via intervention, plays a key role in body appreciation.


Body appreciation; Contingent self-worth; Gratitude; Intuitive eating; Path analysis; Social comparison

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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