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Body Image. 2018 Jun;25:9-13. doi: 10.1016/j.bodyim.2018.01.006. Epub 2018 Feb 8.

An attitude of gratitude: The effects of body-focused gratitude on weight bias internalization and body image.

Author information

1
Rutgers University, Camden, Health Sciences Program, Department of Psychology, 311 N. 5th St., Camden, NJ, 08102, United States. Electronic address: jamie.dunaev@rutgers.edu.
2
Rutgers University, Camden, Department of Psychology, 311 N. 5th St., Camden, NJ, 08102, United States. Electronic address: Chmarkey@camden.rutgers.edu.
3
Nova Southeastern University, College of Psychology, 3301 College Ave, Fort Lauderdale, FL, 33314, United States. Electronic address: pbrochu@nova.edu.

Abstract

Internalized weight bias and body dissatisfaction are associated with a number of negative psychological and physical health outcomes. The current study examined the effectiveness of body-focused gratitude, through a short writing exercise, as a strategy to reduce internalized weight bias and improve body image. Young adults (Mage = 22.71, SD = 2.08, 51.2% female) were randomly assigned to either a body gratitude condition (n = 185) or a control condition (n = 184). Results indicated that participants in the gratitude condition reported significantly lower weight bias internalization and significantly more favorable appearance evaluation and greater body satisfaction when compared to the control condition. These effects were in the small range (ds = 0.27-0.33), and neither gender nor BMI moderated these effects. These findings provide preliminary support for body-focused gratitude writing exercises as an effective individual-level strategy for both reducing internalized weight bias and improving body image.

KEYWORDS:

Appearance evaluation; Body satisfaction; Gratitude; Weight bias internalization; Writing exercise

PMID:
29427948
DOI:
10.1016/j.bodyim.2018.01.006
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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