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Magn Reson Chem. 2018 Aug;56(8):727-739. doi: 10.1002/mrc.4721. Epub 2018 Mar 25.

GIAO-DFT calculation of 15 N NMR chemical shifts of Schiff bases: Accuracy factors and protonation effects.

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A. E. Favorsky Irkutsk Institute of Chemistry, Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Favorsky St. 1, Irkutsk, 664033, Russia.


15 N NMR chemical shifts in the representative series of Schiff bases together with their protonated forms have been calculated at the density functional theory level in comparison with available experiment. A number of functionals and basis sets have been tested in terms of a better agreement with experiment. Complimentary to gas phase results, 2 solvation models, namely, a classical Tomasi's polarizable continuum model (PCM) and that in combination with an explicit inclusion of one molecule of solvent into calculation space to form supermolecule 1:1 (SM + PCM), were examined. Best results are achieved with PCM and SM + PCM models resulting in mean absolute errors of calculated 15 N NMR chemical shifts in the whole series of neutral and protonated Schiff bases of accordingly 5.2 and 5.8 ppm as compared with 15.2 ppm in gas phase for the range of about 200 ppm. Noticeable protonation effects (exceeding 100 ppm) in protonated Schiff bases are rationalized in terms of a general natural bond orbital approach.


15N NMR; GIAO-DFT; KT3; Schiff bases; absolute shielding constant; chemical shift; pcS-3; protonation shifts


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