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Anesthesiol Clin. 2018 Mar;36(1):63-74. doi: 10.1016/j.anclin.2017.10.001.

Use of Simulation in Performance Improvement.

Author information

1
Cooper Medical School of Rowan University, 401 South Broadway Camden, NJ 08103, USA. Electronic address: burdena@rowan.edu.
2
Cooper Medical School of Rowan University, 401 South Broadway Camden, NJ 08103, USA.

Abstract

Human error and system failures continue to play a substantial role in preventable errors that lead to adverse patient outcomes or death. Many of these deaths are not the result of inadequate medical knowledge and skill, but occur because of problems involving communication and team management. Anesthesiologists pioneered the use of simulation for medical education in an effort to improve physician performance and patient safety. This article explores the use of simulation for performance improvement. Educational theories that underlie effective simulation programs are described as driving forces behind the advancement of simulation in performance improvement.

KEYWORDS:

Communication; Crisis resource management; Feedback; Leadership; Patient safety; Performance improvement; Simulation education; Team management

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