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Neurosurgery. 2018 Dec 1;83(6):1201-1208. doi: 10.1093/neuros/nyx610.

Long-Term Effectiveness of Gross-Total Resection for Symptomatic Spinal Cord Cavernous Malformations.

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1
Department of Neurosurgery, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, California.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Intramedullary spinal cord cavernous malformations (CMs) account for 5% of all CMs in the central nervous system and 5% to 12% of all spinal cord vascular lesions, yet their optimal management is controversial.

OBJECTIVE:

To identify factors associated with the clinical progression of spinal cord CMs and quantify the range of surgical outcomes.

METHODS:

Retrospective observational cohort study of 32 patients who underwent open surgical resection for spinal CMs, the majority of which presented to a dorsal or lateral pial surface, from 1996 to 2017 at a single institution. We evaluated outcomes as clinically improved, worsened, or unchanged against preoperative baseline; Frankel and Aminoff-Logue disability grades were also calculated.

RESULTS:

Mean age at presentation was 44.2 (range, 0.5-77 yr). Symptoms included sensory deficits (n = 26, 81%), loss of strength/coordination (n = 16, 50%), pain (n = 16, 50%), and bladder/bowel dysfunction (n = 6, 19%). Thoracic (n = 16, 50%) and cervical CMs (n = 16, 50%) were equally common, with overall mean size of 7.1 mm (range, 1-20 mm). Functional outcomes at last follow-up, compared to preoperative status for patients with >6 mo of follow-up, were improved in 6 (23%), unchanged in 19 (73%), and worsened in 1 (4%) patients. Preoperative Frankel grade and improved Frankel grade immediately following resection were strongly associated with improvement from baseline at long-term followup (P < .01).

CONCLUSION:

Gross total resection of symptomatic spinal cord CMs can prevent further neurological decline. Our experience suggests excellent long-term outcomes and minimal surgical morbidity following resection.

PMID:
29425323
DOI:
10.1093/neuros/nyx610

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