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ACS Nano. 2018 Feb 27;12(2):1990-2000. doi: 10.1021/acsnano.7b09175. Epub 2018 Feb 13.

Metal-Organic Frameworks Mediated Synthesis of One-Dimensional Molybdenum-Based/Carbon Composites for Enhanced Lithium Storage.

Author information

1
State Key Laboratory of Heavy Oil Processing, College of Chemical Engineering, China University of Petroleum (East China) , Qingdao 266580, China.
2
Nanomaterials Centre, School of Chemical Engineering and Australian Institute for Bioengineering and Nanotechnology, The University of Queensland , St. Lucia, Queensland 4072, Australia.
3
Department of Energy Engineering, Hanyang University , Seoul 133-791, Republic of Korea.

Abstract

Molybdenum (Mo)-based compounds with properly engineered nanostructures usually possess improved reversible lithium storage capabilities, which offer great promise to boost the performance of lithium-ion batteries (LIBs). Nevertheless, a lack of efficient and high-yield methods for constructing rational nanostructures has largely restricted the application of these potentially important materials. Herein we demonstrate a metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) mediated strategy to successfully synthesize a series of one-dimensional Mo-based/carbon composites with distinct nanostructures. In this process, starting from well-designed MoO3 nanorods, the crystal control growth is first proposed that a layer of MOFs is achieved to be controllably grown on surfaces of MoO3, forming an obvious core-shell structure, and then the adopted precursor can be in situ transformed into MoO2 or Mo2C which are both well confined in conductive porous carbons through direct carbonization at different temperatures, where the MOFs shell serve as both carbon sources and the reactant to react with MoO3 simultaneously. Benefiting from this design, all optimized products exhibit enhanced electrochemical performances when evaluated as anode materials for LIBs, especially the hollow MoO2/C and core-shell Mo2C/C electrodes, show best reversible capacities up to 810 and 530 mAh g-1 even after 600 cycles at a current density of 1 A g-1, respectively. So this work may broaden the application of MOFs as a kind of coating materials and elucidates the attractive lithium storage performances of molybdenum-based compounds.

KEYWORDS:

carbon coating; lithium-ion batteries; metal−organic frameworks; molybdenum-based compounds; one-dimensional

PMID:
29425027
DOI:
10.1021/acsnano.7b09175

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