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Gen Physiol Biophys. 2018 Jan;37(1):57-69. doi: 10.4149/gpb¬_2017042.

DNA-DOPE-gemini surfactants complexes at low surface charge density: from structure to transfection efficiency.

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Department of Physical Chemistry of Drugs, Faculty of Pharmacy, Comenius University in Bratislava, Odbojárov 10, 832 32 Bratislava, Slovakia.


DNA condensation, structure and transfection efficiency of complexes formed by gemini surfactants alkane-α,ω-diyl-bis(dodecyldimethylammonium bromide)s (CnGS12, n = 3, 6 and 12 is the number of alkane spacer carbons), dioleoylphosphatidylethanolamine (CnGS12/DOPE = 0.3 mol/mol) and DNA at low surface charge density were investigated through different techniques. Small angle X-ray diffraction showed a condensed lamellar phase with marked dependence of DNA-DNA distance on (+/-) charge ratio. High ionic strength of hydrating medium screens the interaction DNA - CnGS12/DOPE and complexed DNA represented maximally ~ 45-60% of total DNA in the solution as derived from fluorescence and UV-VIS spectroscopy. The in vitro transfection efficiency of CnGS12/DOPE liposomes on mammalian HEK 293 cell line was spacer length-dependent. C12GS12/DOPE/DNA complexes exhibited the best transfection efficiency (~ 18% GFP-expressing cells relative to all viable cells) accompanied by ~ 89% cell viability.

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