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Health Promot Perspect. 2018 Jan 7;8(1):63-70. doi: 10.15171/hpp.2018.08. eCollection 2018.

Promoting evidence informed policymaking for maternal and child health in Nigeria: lessons from a knowledge translation workshop.

Author information

1
African Institute for Health Policy & Health Systems, Ebonyi State University, PMB 053 Abakaliki, Nigeria.
2
Organisation Ouest Africaine de la Santé, 175, avenue Ouezzin Coulibaly, 01 BP 153 Bobo-Dioulasso 01, Burkina Faso.
3
Federation of Muslim Women Association of Nigeria, Bauchi, Nigeria.

Abstract

Background: Knowledge translation (KT) is a process that ensures that research evidence gets translated into policy and practice. In Nigeria, reports indicate that research evidence rarely gets into policymaking process. A major factor responsible for this is lack of KT capacity enhancement mechanisms. The objective of this study was to improve KT competence of an implementation research team (IRT), policymakers and stakeholders in maternal and child health to enhance evidence-informed policymaking. Methods: This study employed a "before and after" design, modified as an intervention study. The study was conducted in Bauchi, north-eastern Nigeria. A three-day KT training workshop was organized and 15 modules were covered including integrated and end-of-grant KT; KT models, measures, tools and strategies; priority setting; managing political interference; advocacy and consensus building/negotiations; inter-sectoral collaboration; policy analysis, contextualization and legislation. A 4-point Likert scale pre-/post-workshop questionnaires were administerd to evaluate the impact of the training, it was designed in terms of extent of adequacy; with "grossly inadequate" representing 1 point, and "very adequate" representing 4 points. Results: A total of 45 participants attended the workshop. There was a noteworthy improvement in the participants' understanding of KT processes and strategies. The range of the preworkshop mean of participants knowledge of modules taught was from 2.04-2.94, the range for the postworkshop mean was from 3.10-3.70 on the 4-point Likert scale. The range of percentage increase in mean for participants' knowledge at the end of the workshop was from 13.3%-55.2%. Conclusion: The outcome of this study suggests that using a KT capacity building programme e.g., workshop, health researchers, policymakers and other stakeholders can acquire capacity and skill that will facilitate evidence-to-policy link.

KEYWORDS:

Capacity enhancement; Knowledge translation; Policymakers; Researchers; Workshop

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