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Cytogenet Genome Res. 2018;154(1):6-11. doi: 10.1159/000486947. Epub 2018 Feb 9.

A de novo 1q22q23.1 Interstitial Microdeletion in a Girl with Intellectual Disability and Multiple Congenital Anomalies Including Congenital Heart Defect.

Author information

1
Department of Human and Medical Genetics, Institute of Biomedical Sciences of the Faculty of Medicine of Vilnius University, Lithuania.

Abstract

Many studies have shown that molecular karyotyping is an effective diagnostic tool in individuals with developmental delay/intellectual disability. We report on a de novo interstitial 1q22q23.1 microdeletion, 1.6 Mb in size, detected in a patient with short stature, microcephaly, hypoplastic corpus callosum, cleft palate, minor facial anomalies, congenital heart defect, camptodactyly of the 4-5th fingers, and intellectual disability. Chromosomal microarray analysis revealed a 1.6-Mb deletion in the 1q22q23.1 region, arr[GRCh37] 1q22q23.1(155630752_157193893)×1. Real-time PCR analysis confirmed its de novo origin. The deleted region encompasses 50 protein-coding genes, including the morbid genes APOA1BP, ARHGEF2, LAMTOR2, LMNA, NTRK1, PRCC, RIT1, SEMA4A, and YY1AP1. Although the unique phenotype observed in our patient can arise from the haploinsufficiency of the dosage-sensitive LMNA gene, the dosage imbalance of other genes implicated in the rearrangement could also contribute to the phenotype. Further studies are required for the delineation of the phenotype associated with this rare chromosomal alteration and elucidation of the critical genes for manifestation of the specific clinical features.

KEYWORDS:

1q22q23.1 microdeletion; <italic>LMNA</italic>; <italic>RIT1</italic>; Congenital heart defect; Intellectual disability; Noonan syndrome

PMID:
29421787
DOI:
10.1159/000486947
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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