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Int J Dermatol. 2018 Apr;57(4):449-457. doi: 10.1111/ijd.13828. Epub 2018 Feb 8.

Toxicity and growth inhibition potential of vetiver, cinnamon, and lavender essential oils and their blends against larvae of the sheep blowfly, Lucilia sericata.

Author information

1
Department of Parasitology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Benha University, Moshtohor, Toukh, Egypt.
2
Biochemical and Nutritional Deficiency Diseases Department, Animal Health Research Institute, Benha Branch, Benha, Egypt.
3
Faculty of Pharmacy, British University of Egypt, Cairo, Egypt.
4
Infectious Diseases, Animal Medicine Department, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Benha University, Moshtohor, Toukh, Egypt.
5
Unit of Vector Control, Phytochemistry and Nanotechnology, Department of Zoology, Annamalai University, Annamalainagar, Tamil Nadu, India.
6
Division of Entomology, Department of Zoology, School of Life Sciences, Bharathiar University, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, India.
7
Department of Parasitology, Faculty of Veterinary Science, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad, Pakistan.
8
Department of Chemistry, Exact Science Sector, Federal University of Paraná, Curitiba, Paraná, Brazil.
9
Department of Agriculture, Food and Environment, University of Pisa, Pisa, Italy.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Myiasis induced by the sheep blowfly, Lucilia sericata, represents a public health problem widely distributed throughout the world. L. sericata larval stages feed on both humans and animals. L. sericata adults and larvae can play a role in spreading agents of mycobacterial infections.

OBJECTIVES:

It is critical to establish new and safe alternative methods of controlling L. sericata.

METHODS:

The insecticidal effectiveness and growth inhibition potential of three commercially available essential oils (EOs), vetiver (Chrysopogon zizanioides), cinnamon (Cinnamomum zeylanicum), and lavender (Lavandula angustifolia), as well as their blends, were tested against the second (L2) and third (L3) larval stages of L. sericata. Sunflower (Helianthus annuus) oil was used as a carrier and tested on L2 and L3 larvae. To the best of our knowledge, all applied essential oils, except lavender, and oil blends were tested against L. sericata for the first time.

RESULTS:

All applied oils did not repel L2 from the treated liver but adversely affected their development. Contact treatments on L. sericata L3 indicated that vetiver and cinnamon oils significantly affected treated larvae. Total mortality rates were 93.33 and 95.56%, respectively. Furthermore, oil blends tested through contact assays killed larvae when used at higher concentrations; adult emergence was eliminated post-treatment with doses >30% for oil blend 1 and >10% for oil blend 2.

CONCLUSION:

Overall, cinnamon and vetiver oils (5%) were selected as reliable and cheap biopesticides for controlling larvae of L. sericata. The tested oils are inexpensive and represent new promising botanical insecticides in the fight against blowflies causing myiasis.

PMID:
29417554
DOI:
10.1111/ijd.13828
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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