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J Family Med Prim Care. 2017 Jul-Sep;6(3):554-557. doi: 10.4103/2249-4863.222030.

Practices and attitudinal behavior about drinking water in an urban slum of district Rohtak, Haryana: A community-based study.

Author information

Department of Community Medicine, Pt. B.D. Sharma PGIMS, Rohtak, Haryana, India.
Department of Community Medicine, CMC, Ludhiana, Punjab, India.
Intern, Sardar Patel Medical College, Bikaner, Rajasthan, India.
Medical Officer, General Hospital, Rohtak, Haryana, India.



Globally, approximately, one billion people lack access to safe drinking water and 1.59 million deaths per year are because of contaminated water, primarily in children age <5 years. WHO reported that more than 90% of diarrhea cases can be prevented by enhancing the availability of clean water and improving hygiene measures.


The study was conducted in an urban slum of Rohtak district. Investigator interviewed the mothers at their home having children age less than 5 years using study tools in their vernacular language.

Study Design:

The study was a community based epidemiological study with cross-sectional design.

Study Participants:

400 mothers having children less than 5 years.


Most of subjects (59%) were in the age group of 15-25 years followed by in 25-35 years. One third of subjects belonged to upper caste and 29% of subjects from backward class. The study found that 80% of mother store water in earthen pitcher followed by plastic jug (14%). 78% of mothers said that their source of drinking water was tap while 12% had Hand pump. 83.5% of subjects said that they drink water as such ie without filtering, boiling or chlorination.

Conclusion and Recommendations:

The study concluded that the prevalence of diarrhea is more among children < 5 years this is because of poor knowledge, poor attitude and inadequate storage water practices of water. The study recommends creating awareness how to diminish contamination of water at household level, creating community groups for women to learn about treatment of water at household level.


Contamination; mortality; tap water; water; water-borne diseases

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