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J Family Med Prim Care. 2017 Jul-Sep;6(3):517-521. doi: 10.4103/2249-4863.222045.

Trends and complications of ear piercing among selected Nigerian population.

Author information

1
Department of Ear, Nose and Throat, Federal Teaching Hospital, Ido-Ekiti, Ekiti State, Nigeria.
2
Department of Ear, Nose and Throat, Ekiti State University Teaching Hospital, Ado Ekiti, Ekiti State, Nigeria.
3
Department of Ear, Nose and Throat, Federal Medical Centre, Bida, Niger State, Nigeria.
4
Department of Surgery, Olabisi Onabanjo University Teaching Hospital, Shagamu, Ogun State, Nigeria.

Abstract

Background:

The reported health and socioeconomic consequences of ear piercing, especially in modern day society, underscore the need to further research into this subject. In this study, we determine the trends and complications of ear piercing among selected Nigerian population.

Aim and Objectives:

The aim and objective of this study was to draw attention to the trends and complications of ear piercing with a view to prevent its associated complications.

Methodology:

It is a descriptive cross-sectional study carried out between February and May 2015 among selected Nigerian population from two of its six geo-political zones. A self-administered semi-structured questionnaire which had been pretested was used to collect data from 458 respondents who consented using multistage sampling technique.

Results:

Of 480 respondents enumerated, 458 completed the questionnaires and gave their biodata. The male:female ratio was 1:6.2. Their ages ranged from 18 to 75 years with a mean of 35.56 ± 10.16. About 35.4% of the respondents were within the age group of 31-40 years. Majority of the respondents, i.e.,79.3% practiced ear piercing on their children. Most of them (86.8%) preferred single piercing. Ear piercing was performed within the 1st week of birth in 37.2% of the respondents. Large percentage (93.2%) of the respondents will not encourage ear piercing in male children. Nearly 20.5% of the respondents observed complications.

Conclusion:

Ear piercing remained a common practice in Nigeria, with respondents preferring it on females. Majority of the piercings are done in childhood and by untrained personnel. Keloid formation was the notable complication observed by the respondents. There is a need to increase awareness about the hazards of ear piercings and to enact laws that regulate ear piercings particularly in children which is hereby stretched.

KEYWORDS:

Complications; Nigerian; ear piercing; population; trends

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