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Biodivers Data J. 2018 Jan 25;(6):e22622. doi: 10.3897/BDJ.6.e22622. eCollection 2018.

A dataset on the species composition of amphipods (Crustacea) in a Mexican marine national park: Alacranes Reef, Yucatan.

Author information

1
Laboratorio de Biodiversidad Marina y Cambio Climatico (BIOMARCCA), El Colegio de la Frontera Sur, Unidad Campeche, Lerma, Campeche, Mexico.
2
Unidad Academica Sisal, Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico, Puerto de Abrigo, Sisal, Yucatan, Mexico.
3
Laboratorio Nacional de Resiliencia Costera (LANRESC), Puerto de Abrigo, Sisal, Yucatan, Mexico.
4
International Chair for Ocean and Coastal Studies, Harte Research Institute, Texas A&M, Corpus Christi, Texas, United States of America.

Abstract

Background:

Alacranes Reef was declared as a National Marine Park in 1994. Since then, many efforts have been made to inventory its biodiversity. However, groups such as amphipods have been underestimated or not considered when benthic invertebrates were inventoried. Here we present a dataset that contributes to the knowledge of benthic amphipods (Crustacea, Peracarida) from the inner lagoon habitats from the Alacranes Reef National Park, the largest coral reef ecosystem in the Gulf of Mexico. The dataset contains information on records collected from 2009 to 2011. Data are available through Global Biodiversity Information Facility (GBIF).

New information:

A total of 110 amphipod species distributed in 93 nominal species and 17 generic species, belonging to 71 genera, 33 families and three suborders are presented here. This information represents the first online dataset of amphipods from the Alacranes Reef National Park. The biological material is currently deposited in the crustacean collection from the regional unit of the National Autonomous University of Mexico located at Sisal, Yucatan, Mexico (UAS-Sisal). The biological material includes 588 data records with a total abundance of 6,551 organisms. The species inventory represents, until now, the richest fauna of benthic amphipods registered from any discrete coral reef ecosystem in Mexico.

KEYWORDS:

Amphipoda ; Peracarida ; Benthos; Campeche Bank; Coral Reef; Gulf of Mexico; Macrofauna; Species diversity; occurrence record

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