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Cardiovasc Res. 2018 Apr 1;114(5):703-712. doi: 10.1093/cvr/cvy035.

Osteoglycin attenuates cardiac fibrosis by suppressing cardiac myofibroblast proliferation and migration through antagonizing lysophosphatidic acid 3/matrix metalloproteinase 2/epidermal growth factor receptor signalling.

Author information

1
Department of Hypertension, Ruijin Hospital and Shanghai Institute of Hypertension, Shanghai JiaoTong University School of Medicine, Shanghai 200025, China.
2
Department of Medicine, Aab Cardiovascular Research Institute, University of Rochester School of Medicine and Dentistry, NY 710065, USA.

Abstract

Aims:

Cardiac myofibroblasts (CMFs) play a crucial role in the progression of pathological fibrotic cardiac remodelling. The expression of osteoglycin (OGN) is increased in diseased hearts; however, the role of OGN in pathological cardiac remodelling is not understood. Here, we sought to determine the effect of OGN on cardiac interstitial fibrosis and investigate the molecular mechanisms of OGN in CMF activation and matrix production.

Methods and results:

We found that OGN expression was significantly upregulated in mouse hearts in response to chronic 14-day angiotensin II (Ang II) infusion. Mice lacking OGN (OGN-/-) exhibited enhanced cardiac interstitial fibrosis and significantly more severe cardiac dysfunction following Ang II infusion compared to wild-type mice. OGN deficiency did not alter blood pressure, nor had effect on transforming growth factor-beta signalling activation, but presented with increased proliferative activity in hearts. In vitro studies with isolated CMFs revealed that OGN deficiency significantly increased proliferation and migration and enhanced the transactivation of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) signalling by Ang II. On the other hand, OGN overexpression in CMFs decreased their proliferation and migration via reducing EGFR activation. Overexpression of OGN also suppressed the shedding of membrane anchored EGFR ligand. Moreover, OGN was found to interact with a lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) receptor isoform 3 and thus to attenuate EGFR transactivation through blocking cell surface translocation of membrane type 1 matrix metalloproteinase (MT1-MMP) and subsequent pro-MMP-2 activation in a Ras homolog gene family, member A (RhoA)/Rho-associated, coiled-coil containing protein kinase (ROCK)-dependent manner.

Conclusion:

These findings suggest that OGN negatively regulates cardiac fibrotic remodelling by attenuating CMF proliferation and migration through LPA3-mediated and Rho/ROCK-dependent inhibition of MT1-MMP translocation, MMP2 activation and EGFR transactivation.

PMID:
29415171
DOI:
10.1093/cvr/cvy035
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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