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J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci. 2018 Aug 10;73(9):1178-1186. doi: 10.1093/gerona/gly019.

Attenuated Macrophage Infiltration in Glomeruli of Aged Mice Resulting in Ameliorated Kidney Injury in Nephrotoxic Serum Nephritis.

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Division of Clinical Nephrology and Rheumatology, Niigata University Graduate School of Medical and Dental Sciences, Japan.
Department of Medicine, Medical College of Georgia, Augusta University.


Senescent cells have deleterious effects on the tissue microenvironment through proinflammatory senescence-associated secretory phenotypes; meanwhile, the onset of glomerulonephritis is predominant in younger adults. To clarify the influence of aging on the onset and development of glomerulonephritis, we used a murine model of antibody-mediated nephritis. Sheep nephrotoxic serum was administered in C57BL/6J mice at 12 weeks (adult) or 18 months old (aged) after pre-immunization with sheep IgG. Depositions of sheep IgG and autologous mouse IgG along the glomerular basement membrane and the serum titer of anti-sheep IgG-specific mouse IgG were similar between adult and aged mice. However, kidney injury was depressed in aged mice, accompanied by reduced macrophage infiltration in the glomeruli. The mRNA expression of most chemokines involved in monocyte/macrophage chemotaxis was not different between adult and aged mice, but the cell surface expression of C-C chemokine receptor (CCR) 1 and CCR2 was down-regulated in the monocyte/macrophage lineage cells infiltrating the kidneys of aged nephritic mice. Furthermore, expression of all four isotypes of the Fcγ receptor (FcγR) was reduced in these cells. Both CCR and FcγR expression were down-regulated in monocyte/macrophage lineage cells, resulting in attenuated glomerular infiltration of these cells and impaired glomerular injury in aged mice.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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