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Physiology (Bethesda). 2018 Mar 1;33(2):151-167. doi: 10.1152/physiol.00036.2017.

Vagal Interoceptive Modulation of Motivated Behavior.

Author information

1
Department of Psychology, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, Illionois.
2
Department of Psychology, Florida State University , Tallahassee, Florida.

Abstract

In addition to regulating the ingestion and digestion of food, sensory feedback from gut to brain modifies emotional state and motivated behavior by subconsciously shaping cognitive and affective responses to events that bias behavioral choice. This focused review highlights evidence that gut-derived signals impact motivated behavior by engaging vagal afferents and central neural circuits that generally serve to limit or terminate goal-directed approach behaviors, and to initiate or maintain behavioral avoidance.

PMID:
29412062
PMCID:
PMC5899236
DOI:
10.1152/physiol.00036.2017
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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