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Neuroradiology. 2018 May;60(5):487-496. doi: 10.1007/s00234-018-1990-8. Epub 2018 Feb 6.

Intraosseous venous structures adjacent to the jugular tubercle associated with an anterior condylar dural arteriovenous fistula.

Author information

1
Department of Neurosurgery, Keio University School of Medicine, 35 Shinanomachi, Shinjuku, Tokyo, 160-8582, Japan. katsu512@yahoo.co.jp.
2
Department of Neurosurgery, Keio University School of Medicine, 35 Shinanomachi, Shinjuku, Tokyo, 160-8582, Japan.
3
Department of Radiology, Keio University School of Medicine, 35 Shinanomachi, Shinjuku, Tokyo, Japan.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

Although involvement of the osseous component with an anterior condylar dural arteriovenous fistula (AC-DAVF) has been frequently described, osseous venous structures in which AC-DAVFs develop have not been fully elucidated. We investigated osseous venous structures adjacent to the hypoglossal canal in normal controls and patients with AC-DAVFs.

METHODS:

The study included 50 individuals with unruptured aneurysms as normal controls and seven patients with AC-DAVFs. Osseous venous structures adjacent to the hypoglossal canal in normal controls were analyzed using computed tomography (CT) digital subtraction venography. In patients with AC-DAVFs, the fistulous pouches, draining veins, and surrounding venous structures were examined using cone beam CT.

RESULTS:

In 46.0% of laterals in normal controls, osseous venous structures were visualized within the jugular tubercle superomedially to the hypoglossal canal. We named these structures the jugular tubercle venous complex (JTVC). The JTVC was always continuous with the anterior condylar vein and was sometimes connected to surrounding venous channels. We detected nine fistulous pouches in the seven patients with AC-DAVFs. The fistulous pouches were in the JTVC (33.3%), anterior condylar vein (33.3%), and other venous channels within the exoccipital region (33.3%).

CONCLUSION:

Although the JTVC is a venous structure frequently found in normal people, it had not been investigated until now. The venous channel between the anterior condylar vein and JTVC is a common origin site for AC-DAVFs, and it was associated with 66.6% of the AC-DAVF cases in the current study.

KEYWORDS:

Anterior condylar vein; Dural arteriovenous fistula; Exoccipital; Hypoglossal canal; Jugular tubercle; Osseous vein

PMID:
29411060
DOI:
10.1007/s00234-018-1990-8
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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