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Metabolism. 2018 Jun;83:102-119. doi: 10.1016/j.metabol.2018.01.024. Epub 2018 Feb 3.

Wine and its metabolic effects. A comprehensive review of clinical trials.

Author information

1
Department of Nutrition -Dietetics, Harokopio University, 70 El. Venizelou Street, 17671 Athens, Greece. Electronic address: efragop@hua.gr.
2
Department of Nutrition -Dietetics, Harokopio University, 70 El. Venizelou Street, 17671 Athens, Greece.
3
Department of Chemistry, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Panepistimioupolis, 15771 Athens, Greece.

Abstract

The introduction of the term "French Paradox" motivated an extensive and in-depth research into health benefits of moderate wine consumption. The superiority of wine is thought to be attributed to its micro-constituents and consequent effort was made to isolate and identify these bioactive compounds as well as to elucidate the mechanisms of their action. Controlled trials offer more concrete answers to several raised questions than observational studies. Under this perspective, clinical trials have been implemented, mainly in healthy volunteers and rarely in patients, in order to investigate the acute or chronic effect of wine consumption on metabolism and physio-pathological systems, which are mainly associated with cardiovascular diseases. The aim of this review is to update the knowledge about the acute and long term effect of wine consumption on lipid and glucose/insulin metabolism as well as on the inflammatory and haemostatic systems, based on the reported data of controlled clinical trials. In conclusion, the most repeated result of wine consumption is on lipid metabolism, attributed mainly to ethanol, while wine micro-constituents seem to have an important role mainly in haemostatic and inflammatory/endothelial systems.

KEYWORDS:

Haemostasis; Inflammation; Long-term; PAF; Postprandial; Wine

PMID:
29408458
DOI:
10.1016/j.metabol.2018.01.024
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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