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World Neurosurg. 2018 May;113:e113-e121. doi: 10.1016/j.wneu.2018.01.186. Epub 2018 Feb 3.

The Results of Neuroendoscopic Surgery in Patients with Posttraumatic and Posthemorrhagic Hydrocephalus.

Author information

1
Department of Neurosurgery, Masaryk University Medical Faculty, St. Anne's Hospital, Pekařská 53, Brno, Czech Republic. Electronic address: jan.chrastina@fnusa.cz.
2
Department of Neurosurgery, Masaryk University Medical Faculty, St. Anne's Hospital, Pekařská 53, Brno, Czech Republic.
3
Department of Imaging Techniques, Masaryk University Medical Faculty, St. Anne's Hospital, Pekařská 53, Brno, Czech Republic.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Posttraumatic hydrocephalus (PTH) and posthemorrhagic hydrocephalus (PHH) were previously considered not suitable for neuroendoscopic treatment. New hydrocephalus theories support possible successful neuroendoscopy in such patients.

METHODS:

This study presents the results of neuroendoscopy in PTH and PHH with a background analysis. From 130 hydrocephalic patients after neuroendoscopic surgeries, 35 cases with PTH (n = 11) or PHH (n = 24; acute: n = 9, subacute: n = 10, chronic: n = 5) were found. The success rate (Glasgow Outcome Scale [GOS] score 4 or 5 without shunt) and clinical outcome (GOS score) of endoscopic third ventriculostomy (ETV) were analyzed. During the study period, 34 patients had ventriculoperitoneal shunts implanted, including 2 PTH and 5 PHH patients (all chronic).

RESULTS:

The success rate of ETV in PTH was 54.5%. In acute PHH, the success rate was 33.3%, 42.8% after excluding devastating hematomas. A post-ETV shunt was implanted in 1 patient (massive subarachnoid hemorrhage [SAH]) with final GOS score of 5. In subacute cases, the ETV success rate was 40% (no post-ETV shunts). In chronic PHH, only 1 patient with a GOS score of 5 was shunt-free (20%). The cause of ETV failure was massive SAH. Low final GOS score was caused by the extent of intracerebral bleeding or extracranial problems. The main indications for primary shunt implantation in PTH and PHH were infectious complications. The rate of good outcomes was 0% in PTH and 40% in PHH.

CONCLUSIONS:

The best results of neuroendoscopy were achieved in PTH and acute PHH. ETV failures were associated with massive SAH; arachnoid cistern blockage and scarring precludes ETV success.

KEYWORDS:

Endoscopic third ventriculostomy; Hydrodynamic theory; Neuroendoscopy; Posthemorrhagic hydrocephalus; Posttraumatic hydrocephalus

PMID:
29408347
DOI:
10.1016/j.wneu.2018.01.186
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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