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J Sport Rehabil. 2018 Feb 6:1-22. doi: 10.1123/jsr.2017-0107. [Epub ahead of print]

The Effect of Core Stability Training on Functional Movement Patterns in Collegiate Athletes.

Author information

1
1 Department of Sports Injuries and Corrective Exercises, University of Isfahan, Isfahan, Iran.
2
2 Department of Sports Injuries and Corrective Exercises, University of Tehran International Campus Kish Island, Kish, Iran.
3
3 Department of Exercise and sport Science, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC.

Abstract

CONTEXT:

Pre-participation examinations are the standard approach for assessing poor movement quality that would increase musculoskeletal injury risk. However, little is known about how core stability influences functional movement patterns.

OBJECTIVE:

The primary purpose of this study was to determine the effect of an 8-week core stability program on functional movement patterns in collegiate athletes. The secondary purpose was to determine if the core stability training program would be more effective in those with worse movement quality (i.e. ≤14 baseline FMS score).

DESIGN:

Quasi-experimental design.

SETTING:

Athletic Training Facility.

PARTICIPANTS:

One-hundred collegiate athletes.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES:

Functional movement patterns included the Functional Movement Screen (FMS), Lateral step down (LSD) and Y balance test (YBT) and were assessed before and after the 8-week program.

INTERVENTION:

Participants were placed into 1 of the 2 groups: intervention and control. The intervention group was required to complete a core stability training program that met 3 times per week for 8-week.

RESULTS:

Significant group x time interactions demonstrated improvements in FMS, LSD and YBT scores in the experimental group relative to the control group (p<0.001). Independent sample t-tests demonstrate that change scores were larger (greater improvement) for the FMS total score and Hurdle step (p<0.001) in athletes with worse movement quality.

CONCLUSIONS:

An 8-week core stability training program enhances functional movement patterns and dynamic postural control in collegiate athletes. The benefits are more pronounced in collegiate athletes with poor movement quality.

KEYWORDS:

Postural control; injury; movement compensations; prevention; sensorimotor

PMID:
29405798
DOI:
10.1123/jsr.2017-0107

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