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Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2018 Apr;98(4):984-994. doi: 10.4269/ajtmh.17-0435. Epub 2018 Feb 1.

A Cluster-Randomized Trial to Evaluate the Impact of an Inclusive, Community-Led Total Sanitation Intervention on Sanitation Access for People with Disabilities in Malawi.

Author information

1
Disease Control Department, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom.
2
Centre for Social Research and Department of Political and Administrative Studies, University of Malawi Chancellor College, Zomba, Malawi.
3
Centre of Excellence in Water and Sanitation, Mzuzu University, Mzuzu, Malawi.
4
Department of Education and Teaching Studies, Mzuzu University, Mzuzu, Malawi.
5
Water Engineering and Development Centre, Loughborough University, Loughborough, United Kingdom.
6
International Centre for Evidence in Disability, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom.

Abstract

Community-led total sanitation (CLTS) is a common method for promoting sanitation in low-income settings. This cluster-randomized trial evaluated an intervention to improve inclusion of people with disability in CLTS through training facilitators. A qualitative study examined intervention acceptability. The trial included 171 people with disabilities (78 control and 93 intervention) living in 15 intervention and 15 control communities. In the intervention arm, respondents were more likely to participate in a community meeting about sanitation (+18.7%, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 3.2, 34.2) and to have been visited to discuss sanitation (+19.7, 95% CI: 0.6, 37.8). More intervention households improved latrine access for the disabled member (+9%, CI: -3.1, 21.0). Inclusive CLTS could improve sanitation access for people with disability but requires support to households beyond that provided in this trial.

PMID:
29405106
PMCID:
PMC5928815
DOI:
10.4269/ajtmh.17-0435
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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