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Bioorg Med Chem Lett. 2018 Feb 15;28(4):684-688. doi: 10.1016/j.bmcl.2018.01.021. Epub 2018 Jan 16.

Novel SIRT1 activator MHY2233 improves glucose tolerance and reduces hepatic lipid accumulation in db/db mice.

Author information

1
Molecular Inflammation Research Center for Aging Intervention (MRCA), College of Pharmacy, Pusan National University, Busan 609-735, Republic of Korea.
2
Molecular Inflammation Research Center for Aging Intervention (MRCA), College of Pharmacy, Pusan National University, Busan 609-735, Republic of Korea; Korean Medicine (KM)-Application Center, Korea Institute of Oriental Medicine (KIOM), Daegu 41062, Republic of Korea.
3
College of Pharmacy, Inje University, Gyeongsangnam-do 50834, Republic of Korea.
4
Molecular Inflammation Research Center for Aging Intervention (MRCA), College of Pharmacy, Pusan National University, Busan 609-735, Republic of Korea. Electronic address: mhr108@pusan.ac.kr.
5
Molecular Inflammation Research Center for Aging Intervention (MRCA), College of Pharmacy, Pusan National University, Busan 609-735, Republic of Korea. Electronic address: hyjung@pusan.ac.kr.

Abstract

The NAD+-dependent deacetylase SIRT1, which is associated with the improvement of metabolic syndromes, such as type 2 diabetes, is a well-known longevity-related gene. Several in vitro and in vivo studies have shown the known protective effects of SIRT1 activators, such as resveratrol and SRT1720, on diabetes- or obesity-induced fatty liver and insulin resistance. Here, we newly synthesized 18 benzoxazole hydrochloride derivatives based on the structure of resveratrol and SRT1720. We performed an in vitro SIRT1 activity assay to identify the strongest SIRT1 activator. The assay confirmed MHY2233 to be the strongest SIRT1 activator (1.5-fold more potent than resveratrol), and docking simulation showed that the binding affinity of MHY2233 was higher than that of resveratrol and SRT1720. To investigate its beneficial effects, db/db mice were orally administered MHY2233 for 1 month, and various metabolic parameters were assessed in the serum and liver tissues. MHY2233 markedly ameliorated insulin signaling without affecting body weight in db/db mice. In particular, the mRNA expression of lipogenic genes, such as acetyl CoA carboxylase, fatty acid synthase, and sterol regulatory element-binding protein, which increased in db/db mice, decreased following oral treatment with MHY2233. In conclusion, the novel SIRT1 activator MHY2233 reduced lipid accumulation and improved insulin resistance. This finding may contribute toward therapeutic approaches for fatty liver disease and glucose tolerance.

KEYWORDS:

Glucose tolerance; Lipogenesis; MHY2233; SIRT1

PMID:
29402742
DOI:
10.1016/j.bmcl.2018.01.021
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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