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Am J Kidney Dis. 2018 May;71(5):677-689. doi: 10.1053/j.ajkd.2017.10.027. Epub 2018 Feb 2.

Relationships Between Clinical Processes and Arteriovenous Fistula Cannulation and Maturation: A Multicenter Prospective Cohort Study.

Author information

1
Division of Nephrology, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL. Electronic address: mdallon@uab.edu.
2
Cleveland Clinic Lerner College of Medicine of Case Western Reserve University; Department of Quantitative Health Sciences, Lerner Research Institute, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, OH.
3
Division of Nephrology & Hypertension, University of Utah and Veterans Affairs Salt Lake City Healthcare System, Salt Lake City, UT; Department of Nephrology, The Second Xiangya Hospital, Central South University, Changsha, Hunan, People's Republic of China.
4
Department of Quantitative Health Sciences, Lerner Research Institute, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, OH.
5
Department of Pathology, University of Washington Medical Center, Seattle, WA.
6
Renal-Electrolyte and Hypertension Division, Department of Medicine, Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA; Center for Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA; Department of Biostatistics, Epidemiology and Informatics, Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA.
7
Division of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery, Boston Medical Center, Boston, MA.
8
Division of Epidemiology, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT.
9
Kidney Research Institute, Department of Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, WA.
10
Division of Vascular Surgery, University of Florida College of Medicine, Gainesville, FL.
11
VA New York Harbor Healthcare System and New York University School of Medicine, New York, NY.
12
Division of Kidney, Urologic and Hematologic Diseases, National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, Bethesda, MD.
13
University of Arizona College of Medicine, Tucson, AZ.
14
Department of Radiology, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL.
15
Division of Nephrology, University of Texas Southwestern, Dallas, TX.
16
Department of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA; Department of Medicine, Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA; Center for Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Half of surgically created arteriovenous fistulas (AVFs) require additional intervention to effectively support hemodialysis. Postoperative care and complications may affect clinical maturation.

STUDY DESIGN:

Hemodialysis Fistula Maturation (HFM) Study, a 7-center prospective cohort study.

SETTING & PARTICIPANTS:

491 patients with single-stage AVFs who had neither thrombosis nor AVF intervention before a 6-week postoperative ultrasonographic examination and who required maintenance hemodialysis.

PREDICTORS:

Postoperative care processes and complications.

OUTCOMES:

Attempted cannulation, successful cannulation, and unassisted and overall clinical maturation as defined by the HFM Study criteria.

RESULTS:

AVF cannulation was attempted in 443 of 491 (90.2%) participants and was eventually successful in 430 of these 443 (97.1%) participants. 263 of these 430 (61.2%) reached unassisted and 118 (27.4%) reached assisted AVF maturation (overall maturation, 381/430 [88.6%]). Attempted cannulation was less likely in patients of surgeons with policies for routine 2-week versus later-than-2-week first postoperative visits (OR, 0.21; 95% CI, 0.06-0.70), routine second postoperative follow-up visits (OR, 0.39; 95% CI, 0.15-0.97), and a routine clinical postoperative ultrasound (OR, 0.28; 95% CI, 0.14-0.55). Attempted cannulation was also less likely among patients undergoing procedures to assist maturation (OR, 0.51; 95% CI, 0.27-0.98). Unassisted maturation was more likely for patients treated in facilities with access coordinators (OR, 1.91; 95% CI, 1.17-3.12), but less likely after precannulation nonstudy ultrasounds (OR per ultrasound, 0.42 [95% CI, 0.26-0.68]) and initial unsuccessful cannulation attempts (OR per each additional attempt, 0.90 [95% CI, 0.83-0.98]). Overall maturation was less likely with infiltration before successful cannulation (OR, 0.44; 95% CI, 0.22-0.89). Among participants receiving maintenance hemodialysis before AVF surgery, unassisted and overall maturation were less likely with longer intervals from surgery to initial cannulation (ORs for each additional month of 0.81 [95% CI, 0.76-0.88] and 0.93 [95% CI, 0.89-0.98], respectively) and from initial to successful cannulation (ORs for each additional week of 0.87 [95% CI, 0.81-0.94] and 0.88 [95% CI, 0.83-0.94], respectively).

LIMITATIONS:

Surgeons' management policies were assessed only by questionnaire at study onset. Most participants received upper-arm AVFs, planned 2-stage AVFs were excluded, and maturation time windows were imposed. Some care processes may have been missed and the observational design limits causal attribution.

CONCLUSIONS:

Multiple processes of care and complications are associated with AVF maturation outcomes.

KEYWORDS:

Vascular access; arteriovenous access; arteriovenous fistula (AVF); cannulation; end-stage renal disease; fistula maturation; hemodialysis; patency; process-of-care

PMID:
29398178
PMCID:
PMC5916528
DOI:
10.1053/j.ajkd.2017.10.027
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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