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Br J Anaesth. 2018 Jan;120(1):164-172. doi: 10.1016/j.bja.2017.08.004. Epub 2017 Nov 23.

Tracking and Reporting Outcomes Of Procedural Sedation (TROOPS): Standardized Quality Improvement and Research Tools from the International Committee for the Advancement of Procedural Sedation.

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Departments of Pediatrics and Emergency Medicine, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN, USA.
Department of Emergency Medicine, Loma Linda University, Loma Linda, CA, USA.
University of British Columbia Department of Emergency Medicine, Lions Gate Hospital, North Vancouver, BC, Canada.
Department of Pediatrics, Maastricht University Medical Centre, Maastricht, The Netherlands.
Department of Anaesthesia, Harvard Medical School, Boston Children's Hospital, Boston, MA, USA. Electronic address:


Many hospitals, and medical and dental clinics and offices, routinely monitor their procedural-sedation practices-tracking adverse events, outcomes, and efficacy in order to optimize the sedation delivery and practice. Currently, there exist substantial differences between settings in the content, collection, definition, and interpretation of such sedation outcomes, with resulting widespread reporting variation. With the objective of reducing such disparities, the International Committee for the Advancement of Procedural Sedation has herein developed a multidisciplinary, consensus-based, standardized tool intended to be applicable for all types of sedation providers in all locations worldwide. This tool is amenable for inclusion in either a paper or an electronic medical record. An additional, parallel research tool is presented to promote consistency and standardized data collection for procedural-sedation investigations.


adverse events; quality improvement; sedation

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