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Nutr Clin Pract. 2018 Aug;33(4):553-566. doi: 10.1002/ncp.10015. Epub 2018 Feb 3.

Impact of Gastrostomy Feeding Tube Placement on the 1-Year Trajectory of Care in Patients After Stroke.

Author information

1
Department of Health Sciences and Research, College of Health Professions, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, South Carolina, USA.
2
Department of Healthcare Leadership and Management, College of Health Professions, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, South Carolina, USA.
3
Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, South Carolina, USA.
4
Department of Neurosciences, College of Medicine, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, South Carolina, USA.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) feeding tubes are commonly placed in acute stroke patients with a need for enteral nutrition. However, PEG tubes are associated with medical complications and a decrease in quality of life. We compared the 1-year care trajectory of stroke patients with and without PEG tube placement to enhance knowledge about the long-term impact of PEG tube placement.

METHODS:

We conducted a retrospective analysis of commercially insured stroke patients included in the Truven Health MarketScan Research Databases of 2011. We analyzed their index hospital stay and conducted 1-month, 3-months, 6-months, and 1-year follow-ups. We compared admissions to inpatient rehabilitation facilities, acute hospitals, skilled nursing facilities, outpatient hospital visits, and home visits for stroke patients with and without PEG tube placement using unadjusted and adjusted modelling.

RESULTS:

Of the 8911 included stroke patients, 148 patients (1.7%) had a PEG tube placed during their index hospital stay. After controlling for age, gender, stroke severity, comorbidities, and stroke type, PEG tube placement was an independent predictor for admissions to inpatient rehabilitation facilities and skilled nursing facilities. Furthermore, PEG tube placement was an independent predictor for all-cause, unplanned hospital readmissions in a multivariable logistic model (area under the receiver operating characteristic curve was .84).

CONCLUSION:

Stroke patients who receive a PEG tube can expect a significantly different care trajectory after being discharged from the acute hospital. Our findings can aide in predicting recovery and planning resources and identifying gaps and points for improvement in stroke care for patients with PEG tube placement.

KEYWORDS:

deglutition; deglutition disorders; enteral nutrition; hospitalization; patient readmission; stroke

PMID:
29397032
DOI:
10.1002/ncp.10015
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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