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J Pediatr Surg. 2018 Sep;53(9):1849-1854. doi: 10.1016/j.jpedsurg.2017.12.012. Epub 2017 Dec 24.

Outcome of initially nonoperative treatment for acute simple appendicitis in children.

Author information

1
Paediatric Surgical Centre of Amsterdam. Emma Children's Hospital AMC and VU University Medical Centre, Amsterdam, the Netherlands; Department of Surgery, Red Cross Hospital. Beverwijk, the Netherlands. Electronic address: rr.gorter@vumc.nl.
2
Paediatric Clinical Research Office, Division Woman and Child, Academic Medical Centre, Amsterdam, the Netherlands.
3
Paediatric Surgical Centre of Amsterdam. Emma Children's Hospital AMC and VU University Medical Centre, Amsterdam, the Netherlands.
4
Department of Surgery, Red Cross Hospital. Beverwijk, the Netherlands.
5
Department of Paediatric Gastroenterology, VU University Medical Centre, Amsterdam, the Netherlands.
6
Department of Paediatric Surgery. Princess Maxima Centre, Utrecht, the Netherlands.
7
Paediatric Surgical Centre of Amsterdam. Emma Children's Hospital AMC and VU University Medical Centre, Amsterdam, the Netherlands; Centre of Research on Psychology in Somatic Disease (CoRPS), Tilburg University, the Netherlands.
8
Department of Surgery, Flevoziekenhuis, Almere, the Netherlands.
9
Child Health Evaluation Sciences (CHES), The Hospital for Sick Children, University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

To compare the outcome of initially nonoperative treatment with immediate appendectomy for simple appendicitis in children.

METHODS:

Between September 2012 and June 2014 children aged 7-17 years with a radiologically confirmed simple appendicitis were invited to participate in a multicentre prospective cohort study in which they were treated with an initially nonoperative treatment strategy; nonparticipants underwent immediate appendectomy. In October 2015, their rates of complications and subsequent appendectomies, and health-related quality of life (HRQOL) were assessed.

RESULTS:

In this period, 25 children were treated with an initially nonoperative treatment strategy and 19 with immediate appendectomy; median (range) follow-up was 25 (16-36) and 26 (17-34) months, respectively. The percentage [95%CI] of patients experiencing complications in the initially nonoperative group and the immediate appendectomy group was 12 [4-30]% and 11 [3-31]%, respectively. In total 6/25 children (24%) underwent an appendectomy; none of the 6 patients operated subsequently experienced any postappendectomy complications. Overall, HRQOL in the nonoperative treatment group was similar to that of healthy peers.

CONCLUSIONS:

Outcome of initially nonoperative treatment for acute simple appendicitis in children is similar to the outcome in those who undergo immediate appendectomy. Initially nonoperative management seems to be able to avoid appendectomy in 3 out of 4 children.

LEVEL OF EVIDENCE:

2 (prospective comparative study). This research did not receive any specific grant from funding agencies in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.

KEYWORDS:

Appendectomy; Appendicitis; Nonoperative treatment; Quality of life

PMID:
29395151
DOI:
10.1016/j.jpedsurg.2017.12.012
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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