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Viruses. 2018 Feb 2;10(2). pii: E61. doi: 10.3390/v10020061.

Virus-Bacteria Interactions: Implications and Potential for the Applied and Agricultural Sciences.

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Department of Food Science, University of Massachusetts, Amherst, MA 01003, USA.
Department of Food, Bioprocessing, and Nutrition Sciences, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC 27695, USA.


Eukaryotic virus-bacteria interactions have recently become an emerging topic of study due to multiple significant examples related to human pathogens of clinical interest. However, such omnipresent and likely important interactions for viruses and bacteria relevant to the applied and agricultural sciences have not been reviewed or compiled. The fundamental basis of this review is that these interactions have importance and deserve more investigation, as numerous potential consequences and applications arising from their discovery are relevant to the applied sciences. The purpose of this review is to highlight and summarize eukaryotic virus-bacteria findings in the food/water, horticultural, and animal sciences. In many cases in the agricultural sciences, mechanistic understandings of the effects of virus-bacteria interactions remain unstudied, and many studies solely focus on co-infections of bacterial and viral pathogens. Given recent findings relative to human viral pathogens, further research related to virus-bacteria interactions would likely result in numerous discoveries and beneficial applications.


agricultural sciences; agronomy; foodborne pathogens; influenza; norovirus; translational medicine; virus–bacteria interaction

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