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Curr Radiol Rep. 2018;6(1):1. doi: 10.1007/s40134-018-0260-1. Epub 2018 Jan 18.

Breast Imaging of Transgender Individuals: A Review.

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1Department of Radiology, Icahn School of Medicine at Mt Sinai, One Gustav Levy Place, New York, NY 10029 USA.
2Department of Medicine, Center for Transgender Medicine and Surgery at Mt. Sinai , 275 Seventh Avenue, New York, NY 10011 USA.
3Department of Medicine, Icahn School of Medicine at Mt. Sinai, 275 Seventh Avenue, New York, NY 10011 USA.



This review will inform radiologists about the evidence base regarding radiographic imaging for transgender individuals and considerations for providing culturally sensitive care for this population.


Transgender individuals are increasingly referred for both screening and diagnostic breast imaging. It is important that the clinic environment is welcoming, the medical staff utilize accepted terminology and patients are able to designate their gender and personal history to ensure appropriate care. Hormone and surgical treatments used for transition by many transgender women and men may change the approach to imaging.


Although not yet evidence-based, screening mammography is currently suggested for transgender women with risk factors, including those receiving hormone treatment over 5 years. The risk for breast cancer in transgender individuals is still being defined.


Breast; Mammography; Screening; Transgender; Transsexual

Conflict of interest statement

Compliance with Ethical StandardsEmily B. Sonnenblick, Ami D. Shah, Zil Goldstein, and Tamar Reisman each declare no potential conflicts of interest.This article does not contain any studies with human or animal subjects performed by any of the authors.

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