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Complement Ther Clin Pract. 2018 Feb;30:1-5. doi: 10.1016/j.ctcp.2017.10.010. Epub 2017 Oct 28.

The effect of massage on acceleration and sprint performance in track & field athletes.

Author information

1
Athletic Training Research Laboratory, Department of Health Science, The University of Alabama, Tuscaloosa, AL, United States. Electronic address: rnmoran@ches.ua.edu.
2
St. Luke's University Health Network, Department of Sports Medicine, Bethlehem, PA, United States.
3
Maplezone Sports Institute, Sports Performance Center, Garnett Valley, PA, United States.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

To examine the acute effects of pre-competition massage on acceleration and sprint performance in collegiate track and field athletes.

METHODS:

Seventeen collegiate male (n = 9) and female (N = 8) track and field athletes participated in the study. Athletes were assigned to a counterbalanced, repeated measures designed experiment testing four treatment conditions of a pre-competition massage, dynamic warm-up, combination of a massage and warm-up, and a placebo ultrasound.

RESULTS:

The reliability between treatments was very high (ICC range: 0.94-0.98) and displayed a high internal consistency (Cronbach α = 0.96). Inter-item correlations for treatments were strong at all time intervals (20-m r = 0.74-0.90; 30-m r = 0.87-0.95; 60-m r = 0.88-0.95). There were no significant differences between the four treatments and performance (p = 0.70). Massage decreased 60-meter sprint performance in comparison to the traditional warm-up, although the combination of the massage and warm-up appeared to have no greater difference than the warm-up alone.

CONCLUSIONS:

Massage prior to competition remains questionable due to a lack of effectiveness in improving sprint performance. Further, pre-competition massage may not be more effective as a pre-event modality, over a traditional warm-up.

KEYWORDS:

Manual therapy; Massage; Modalities; Sprint kinematics

PMID:
29389467
DOI:
10.1016/j.ctcp.2017.10.010
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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