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Mol Cell Biochem. 2018 Nov;448(1-2):27-41. doi: 10.1007/s11010-018-3310-3. Epub 2018 Jan 31.

Ellagic acid in suppressing in vivo and in vitro oxidative stresses.

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Laboratory of Biochemistry, Department of Biotechnology, University of Malakand, Chakdara, Lower Dir, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan.


Oxidative stress is a biological condition produced by a variety of factors, causing several chronic diseases. Oxidative stress was, therefore, treated with natural antioxidants, such as ellagic acid (EA). EA has a major role in protecting against different diseases associated with oxidative stress. This review critically discussed the antioxidant role of EA in biological systems. The in vitro and in vivo studies have confirmed the protective role of EA in suppressing oxidative stress. The review also discussed the mechanism of EA in suppressing of oxidative stress, which showed that EA activates specific endogenous antioxidant enzymes and suppresses specific genes responsible for inflammation, diseases, or disturbance of biochemical systems. The amount of EA used and duration, which plays a significant role in the treatment of oxidative stress has been discussed. In conclusion, EA is a strong natural antioxidant, which possesses the suppressing power of oxidative stress in biological systems.


Antioxidant; Ellagic acid; In vitro models; In vivo studies; Oxidative stress

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