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Bull Environ Contam Toxicol. 2018 Mar;100(3):338-343. doi: 10.1007/s00128-018-2276-x. Epub 2018 Jan 31.

Genotoxicity Biomonitoring Along a Coastal Zone Under Influence of Offshore Petroleum Exploration (Southeastern Brazil).

Author information

1
Núcleo em Ecologia e Desenvolvimento Sócio Ambiental de Macaé, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro (NUPEM/UFRJ), Macaé, RJ, 27965-045, Brazil. jgutierrez@fcien.edu.uy.
2
Faculdade Salesiana Maria Auxiliadora, Macaé, RJ, 27965-045, Brazil.
3
Núcleo em Ecologia e Desenvolvimento Sócio Ambiental de Macaé, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro (NUPEM/UFRJ), Macaé, RJ, 27965-045, Brazil.

Abstract

Offshore oil exploration creates threats to coastal ecosystems, including increasing urbanization and associated effluent releases. Genotoxicity biomarkers in mussels were determined across a gradient of coastal zone influences of offshore petroleum exploration in southeastern Brazil. Coastal ecosystems such as estuaries, beaches and islands were seasonally monitored for genotoxicity evaluation using the brown mussel Perna perna. The greatest DNA damage (5.2% ± 1.9% tail DNA and 1.5‰  ± 0.8‰ MN) were observed in urban estuaries, while Santana Archipelago showed levels of genotoxicity near zero and is considered a reference site. Mussels from urban and pristine beaches showed intermediate damage levels, but were also influenced by urbanization. Thus, mussel genotoxicity biomarkers greatly indicated the proposed oil exploration and urbanization scenarios that consequently are genetically affecting coastal organisms.

KEYWORDS:

Brown mussel; Comet assay; Micronucleus test; Perna perna

PMID:
29387908
DOI:
10.1007/s00128-018-2276-x
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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