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Oncol Lett. 2018 Jan;15(1):1319-1324. doi: 10.3892/ol.2017.7373. Epub 2017 Nov 8.

Downregulated SOX9 mediated by miR-206 promoted cell apoptosis in Legg-Calvé-Perthes disease.

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Department of Pediatric Orthopaedics, The Third Hospital of Hebei Medical University, Shijiazhuang, Hebei 050051, P.R. China.


Legg-Calvé-Perthes disease (LCPD) commonly onsets in adolescents, and threatens their health. However, the potential mechanism underlying LCPD remains unclear. MicroRNA (miR)-206 and SRY-box 9 (SOX9) serve an important role in chondrocytes; however, their role in LCPD remains ambiguous. In the present study, whether miR-206 and SOX9 mediated cell apoptosis in dexamethasone (DEX)-induced LCPD was investigated. The chondrocytes of the LCPD and normal control group were isolated from clinical tissues. Reverse transcription-quantitative polymerase chain reaction was used to evaluate the expression of miR-206 and SOX9 mRNA. Western blotting was used to measure the protein level of SOX9. A combination of Annexin V-fluorescein isothiocyanate flow cytometry was used to assess cell apoptosis. The association between miR-206 and SOX9 was detected using a luciferase reporter assay. miR-206 was overexpressed while SOX9 was downregulated in chondrocytes treated with DEX obtained from patients with LCPD. miR-206 targeted SOX9 to regulate its expression. Overexpression of miR-206 promoted cell apoptosis in TC28, while it was reversed by SOX9 overexpression. TC28 cells pretreated with DEX significantly promoted cell apoptosis, while cells transfected with miR-206 inhibitor significantly reversed the effect; however, downregulated SOX9 abolished the effects of miR-206 inhibitor. SOX9 mediated by miR-206 possibly contributed to the pathogenesis of LCPD. The results of the present study suggest that miR-206 and SOX9 function as important therapeutic targets for the future of clinical therapy.


Legg-Calvé-Perthes disease; SOX9; apoptosis; dexamethasone; miR-206

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