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Diabet Med. 2018 May;35(5):650-657. doi: 10.1111/dme.13594. Epub 2018 Feb 27.

Mindfulness and fear of hypoglycaemia in parents of children with Type 1 diabetes: results from Diabetes MILES Youth - The Netherlands.

Author information

1
Department of Medical and Clinical Psychology, Center of Research on Psychological and Somatic Dsorders (CoRPS), Tilburg University, Tilburg, The Netherlands.
2
Diabeter, Centre for Pediatric and Adolescent Diabetes Care and Research, Rotterdam, The Netherlands.
3
Department of Medical Psychology, Radboud University Medical Centre, Radboud Institute for Health Science, Nijmegen, The Netherlands.
4
Máxima Medical Centre, Veldhoven, The Netherlands.
5
School of Psychology, Deakin University, Geelong, Melbourne, Australia.
6
Australian Centre for Behavioural Research in Diabetes, Diabetes Victoria, Melbourne, Australia.
7
Kidz&Ko, Jeroen Bosch Hospital, 's-Hertogenbosch, The Netherlands.
8
AHP Research, Hornchurch, UK.
9
Department of Psychology, University of Southern Denmark, Odense, Denmark.

Abstract

AIMS:

To identify the sociodemographic and clinical correlates of fear of hypoglycaemia among parents of children (aged 4-18 years) with Type 1 diabetes and to examine the relationships between parental fear of hypoglycaemia, mindfulness and mindful parenting.

METHODS:

Sociodemographic, self-reported clinical and psychological data were extracted from the cross-sectional Diabetes MILES Youth - The Netherlands dataset. Questionnaires included the Hypoglycaemia Fear Survey - Parent Worry (parental fear of hypoglycaemia), the Freiburg Mindfulness Inventory - Short version (mindfulness) and the Interpersonal Mindfulness in Parenting Scale (mindful parenting).

RESULTS:

A total of 421 parents (359 mothers) participated. Hierarchical linear regression analyses showed that greater parental fear of hypoglycaemia was related to younger parental age, low educational level, non-Dutch nationality, more frequent blood glucose monitoring, and less general mindfulness. Adding mindful parenting to the model negated the previous contribution of general mindfulness. In this model, lower mindful parenting was related to greater parental fear of hypoglycaemia. In particular, parents with an increased ability to be less judgemental of themselves as parents and less reactive to emotions within parenting interactions reported less fear of hypoglycaemia. In total, 21% of the variance in parental fear of hypoglycaemia was explained.

CONCLUSION:

Parental fear of hypoglycaemia was associated largely with parental characteristics, including non-modifiable sociodemographics (i.e. age, education, nationality) and modifiable psychological factors (i.e. mindful parenting). These findings suggest that it is important to further explore mindfulness-based interventions for parents to reduce fear of hypoglycaemia next to interventions to reduce hypoglycaemia.

PMID:
29385240
PMCID:
PMC5947298
DOI:
10.1111/dme.13594
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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