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Environ Technol. 2018 Feb 26:1-11. doi: 10.1080/09593330.2018.1435731. [Epub ahead of print]

Performance of the fixed-bed of granular activated carbon for the removal of pesticides from water supply.

Author information

1
a Programa de Pós-Graduação em Engenharia Ambiental , Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, Campus Universitário UFSC/CTC Bairro Trindade , Florianópolis/SC , Brasil.
2
b Laboratório de Águas e Ecotoxicologia , Universidade Federal da Fronteira Sul , Cerro Largo/RS , Brasil.
3
c Departamento de Engenharia Civil , Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, Campus Universitário UFSC/CTC Bairro Trindade , Florianópolis/SC , Brasil.

Abstract

The application of a fixed bed adsorption column of granular activated carbon (FBAC-GAC), in the removal of carbaryl, methomyl and carbofuran at a concentration of 25 μg L-1 for each carbamate, from the public water supply was investigated. For the determination of the presence of pesticides in the water supply, the analytical technique of high-performance liquid chromatography with post-column derivatization was used. Under conditions of constant diffusivity, the FBAC-GAC was saturated after 196 h of operation on a pilot scale. The exhaust rate of the granular activated carbon (GAC) in the FBAC-GAC until the point of saturation was 0.02 kg GAC m-3 of treated water. By comparing a rapid small-scale column test and FBAC-GAC, it was confirmed that the predominant intraparticle diffusivity in the adsorption column was constant diffusivity. Based on the results obtained on a pilot scale, it was possible to estimate the values to be applied in the FBAC-GAC (full scale) to remove the pesticides, which are particle size with an average diameter of 1.5 mm GAC; relationship between the internal diameter of the column and the average diameter of GAC ≥50 in order to avoid preferential flow near the adsorption column wall; surface application rate 240 m3 m-2 d-1 and an empty bed contact time of 3 min.

ABBREVIATIONS:

BV: bed volume; CD: constant diffusivity; EBCT: empty bed contact time; FBAC-GAC: fixed bed adsorption column of granular activated carbon; GAC: granular activated carbon; MPV: maximum permitted values; NOM: natural organic matter; PD: proportional diffusivity; pHPCZ: pH of the zero charge point; SAR: surface application rate; RSSCT: rapid small-scale column test; WTCS: water treated conventional system.

KEYWORDS:

Adsorption; carbamates; carbaryl; carbofuran; methomyl

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