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Mol Genet Genomics. 2018 Jun;293(3):769-783. doi: 10.1007/s00438-018-1420-y. Epub 2018 Jan 30.

A comparison of CRISPR/Cas9 and siRNA-mediated ALDH2 gene silencing in human cell lines.

Author information

1
A Key Laboratory of Guangzhou Environmental Pollution and Risk Assessment, Department of Toxicology, Faculty of Preventive Medicine, School of Public Health, Sun Yat-sen University, 74 Zhongshan Road 2, Guangzhou, 510080, China.
2
A Key Laboratory of Guangzhou Environmental Pollution and Risk Assessment, Department of Toxicology, Faculty of Preventive Medicine, School of Public Health, Sun Yat-sen University, 74 Zhongshan Road 2, Guangzhou, 510080, China. xingxm3@mail.sysu.edu.cn.
3
A Key Laboratory of Guangzhou Environmental Pollution and Risk Assessment, Department of Toxicology, Faculty of Preventive Medicine, School of Public Health, Sun Yat-sen University, 74 Zhongshan Road 2, Guangzhou, 510080, China. wangq27@mail.sysu.edu.cn.

Abstract

Gene knockdown and knockout using RNAi and CRISPR/Cas9 allow for efficient evaluation of gene function, but it is unclear how the choice of technology can influence the results. To compare the phenotypes obtained using siRNA and CRISPR/Cas9 technologies, aldehyde dehydrogenase 2 (ALDH2) was selected as an example. In this study, we constructed one HepG2 cell line with a homozygous mutation in the fifth exon of ALDH2 (ALDH2-KO1 cell) using the eukaryotic CRISPR/Cas9 expression system followed by the limited dilution method and one HepG2 cell line with different mutations in the ALDH2 gene (ALDH2-KO2 cell) using the lentivirus CRISPR/Cas9 system. Additionally, one ALDH2-knockdown (KD) HepG2 cell line was created using siRNA. The reproducibility of these methods was further verified in the HEK293FT cell line. We found that the mRNA expression level of ALDH2 was significantly decreased and the protein expression level of ALDH2 was completely abolished in the ALDH2-KO cell lines, but not in ALDH2-KD cells. Furthermore, the functional activity of ALDH2 was also markedly disrupted in the two ALDH2-KO cell lines compared with ALDH2-KD and wild-type cells. The lack of ALDH2 expression mediated by CRIPSR/Cas9 resulted in a more dramatic increase in the cellular susceptibility to chemical-induced reactive oxygen species generation, cytotoxicity, apoptosis, and inflammation, especially at low concentrations compared with ALDH2-KD and WT cells. Therefore, we consider the gene knockout cell line created by CRISPR/Cas9 to be a more useful tool for identifying the function of a gene.

KEYWORDS:

ALDH2; CRISPR/Cas9; Gene knockout; HepG2

PMID:
29383448
DOI:
10.1007/s00438-018-1420-y
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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