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Medicine (Baltimore). 2017 Nov;96(47):e8467. doi: 10.1097/MD.0000000000008467.

Immediate postoperative tracheal extubation in a liver transplant recipient with encephalopathy and the Mayo end-stage liver disease score of 41: A CARE-compliant case report revealed meaningful challenge in recovery after surgery (ERAS) for liver transplantation.

Author information

1
Department of Liver Surgery and State Key Laboratory of Biotherapy, West China Hospital, Sichuan University.
2
Department of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine, West China Medical School/West China Hospital.
3
West China School of Medicine/West China Hospital, Sichuan University.
4
Department of Anesthesiology, West China Hospital of Sichuan University, Chengdu, Sichuan, P.R. China.

Abstract

RATIONALE:

Immediate postoperative tracheal extubation (IPTE) is one of the most important subject in recovery after surgery (ERAS) for liver transplantation. However, the criteria for IPTE is not uniform at present.

PATIENT CONCERNS:

We reported a successful IPTE in a liver transplant recipient with encephalopathy and a high Mayo end-stage liver disease (MELD) score of 41, which beyond the so-called criteria reported in the literature. The patient was 48-year-old man, admitted in September 2016 for end-stage liver cirrhosis secondary to hepatitis B.

DIAGNOSES:

End-stage liver cirrhosis secondary to hepatitis B with encephalopathy and a high MELD score of 41.

INTERVENTIONS:

He was involved in our ERAS project and was extubated at the end of the liver transplantation in the operating room.

OUTCOMES:

As a result, the patient was not reintubated and had an excellent postoperative recovery, staying in intensive care unit (ICU) for just 2 days and discharged home on day 10.

LESSONS:

We believed IPTE in liver transplant recipients with severe liver dysfunction is a meaningful challenge in ERAS for liver transplantation. Our case and literature review suggest 3 things: IPTE in liver transplantation is generally feasible and safe; the encephalopathy or high MELD score should not be the only limiting factor; and a more systematic predicting system for IPTE in liver transplantation should be addressed in future studies.

PMID:
29381921
PMCID:
PMC5708920
DOI:
10.1097/MD.0000000000008467
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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