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ACS Appl Mater Interfaces. 2018 Mar 7;10(9):8245-8257. doi: 10.1021/acsami.7b18700. Epub 2018 Feb 23.

Robust and Mechanically and Electrically Self-Healing Hydrogel for Efficient Electromagnetic Interference Shielding.

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College of Polymer Science and Engineering, State Key Laboratory of Polymer Materials Engineering , Sichuan University , Chengdu 610065 , China.


Autonomously self-healing hydrogels have received considerable attentions due to their capacity for repairing themselves spontaneously after suffering damage, which can provide a better stability and a longer life span. In this work, a robust and mechanically and electrically self-healing hydrogel with an efficient electromagnetic interference (EMI) shielding performance was successfully fabricated via the incorporation of multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) into the hydrophobically associated polyacrylamide (PAM) hydrogels by using cellulose nanofiber (CNF) as the dispersant. It was been found that CNF could not only assist the homogeneous dispersion of MWCNTs but also effectively enhance the mechanical property of the resultant hydrogels. As a result, the optimal tensile strength (≈0.24 MPa), electrical conductivity (≈0.85 S m-1), and EMI shielding effectiveness (≈28.5 dB) were achieved for the PAM/CNF/MWCNT composite hydrogels with 1 wt % MWCNTs and 0.3 wt % CNF, which showed 458, 844, and 90% increase over (≈0.043 MPa, ≈0.09 S m-1, and ≈15 dB, respectively) the PAM hydrogel. More encouragingly, these composite hydrogels could rapidly restore their electrical conductivity and EMI shielding effectiveness after mechanical damage at room temperature without any external stimulus. With outstanding mechanical and self-healing properties, the prepared composite hydrogels were similar to human skin, but beyond human skin owing to their additional satisfactory electrical and EMI shielding performances. They may offer promising and broad prospects in the field of simulate skin and protection of precision electronics.


EMI shielding; cellulose nanofiber; multiwalled carbon nanotubes; self-healing hydrogel


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